Diabetes, type 2 in children

Other names: Type 2 diabetes in children

Type 2 diabetes in children is a chronic condition that affects the way your child's body metabolizes sugar (glucose). It is on the rise, largely due to the obesity epidemic. Symptoms may include increased thirst, hunger, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores, and darkened skin patches. Risk factors include weight, inactivity, family history, and race.

CAUSES

Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps sugar enter cells for energy. Glucose comes from food and the liver, but in Type 2 diabetes, sugar builds up in the bloodstream instead of entering cells due to lack of insulin or insulin resistance.

COMPLICATIONS

Type 2 diabetes can affect major organs like the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys. Complications include heart disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, foot damage, and skin conditions. Keeping blood sugar levels normal can reduce the risk of these complications.

Tests and Diagnosis

Diagnosing Type 2 diabetes in children involves tests like random blood sugar test, A1C test, fasting blood sugar test, and oral glucose tolerance test. After diagnosis, regular monitoring of blood sugar levels and other tests like cholesterol levels are essential.

TREATMENTs and Drugs

Treatment involves blood sugar monitoring, healthy eating, physical activity, medication (like metformin), and sometimes insulin therapy. Lifestyle changes play a crucial role in managing Type 2 diabetes in children.

LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES

Encouraging healthy eating habits, physical activity, weight management, and annual eye exams are key for preventing complications of Type 2 diabetes in children.

Alternative Medicine

Alternative therapies have shown mixed results in managing blood sugar levels. Consult with a healthcare provider before trying any alternative treatments for your child.

COPING AND SUPPORT

Managing Type 2 diabetes requires commitment but can reduce the risk of complications. Counseling or support groups may help your child cope with lifestyle changes. Encourage active involvement of your child in their Diabetes management.


QUESTIONS

  1. What are some symptoms of Type 2 diabetes in children?

Increased thirst and urination

Increased hunger

Weight loss

Fatigue

Blurred vision

Slow-healing sores or frequent infections

Areas of darkened skin

  1. What are some risk factors for Type 2 diabetes in children?

Weight

Inactivity

Family history

Race (blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans)

  1. How is Type 2 diabetes diagnosed in children?

Through tests like random blood sugar test and A1C test

  1. What are some complications of Type 2 diabetes in children?

Heart disease

Nerve damage

Kidney damage

Eye damage

Foot damage

Skin conditions

  1. What is the treatment for Type 2 diabetes in children?

Blood sugar monitoring

Healthy eating

Physical activity

Medication (like metformin)

Insulin therapy if needed

  1. Can alternative medicine be used to manage Type 2 diabetes in children?

Currently not recommended due to conflicting findings on effectiveness.

  1. How can parents support a child with Type 2 diabetes?

Encourage healthy lifestyle habits

Annual eye exams

Active involvement in Diabetes management

  1. What are signs of low blood sugar in a child with Type 2 diabetes?

Sweating

Shakiness

Drowsiness

Hunger

Dizziness

  1. How should high blood sugar be treated in a child with Type 2 diabetes?

If persistently high blood sugar levels are detected:

Adjust meal plan or medications.

Contact your child's doctor right away or seek emergency care.

  1. Why is counseling or support groups beneficial for children with Type 2 diabetes?

They can help cope with lifestyle changes that come with a Diabetes diagnosis and provide encouragement and understanding.

These FAQs cover essential information about Type 2 diabetes in children to help parents understand the condition better and support their child's health effectively.