Yeast infection

Other names: Vaginitis

DEFINITION

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching, and pain. The cause is usually a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection. Vaginitis can also result from reduced estrogen levels after Menopause. The most common types of Vaginitis are:

SYMPTOMS

Vaginitis signs and symptoms may include:

The characteristics of vaginal discharge may indicate the type of Vaginitis you have. Examples include:

# WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR

See your doctor if you develop any unusual vaginal discomfort, especially if:

CAUSES

The cause depends on the type of Vaginitis you have:

RISK FACTORS

Factors that increase your risk of developing Vaginitis include hormonal changes, sexual activity, uncontrolled Diabetes, and the use of certain medications or hygiene products.

COMPLICATIONS

Vaginal infections generally don't cause serious complications but can lead to issues in pregnant women and increase the risk of acquiring other infections.

PREPARING FOR YOUR APPOINTMENT

To get ready for your appointment:

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Questions your doctor may ask Be prepared to answer questions about your symptoms, hygiene habits, sexual activity, and medical history.

TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS

To diagnose Vaginitis, your doctor may review your medical history and perform a pelvic exam to collect samples for lab testing.

TREATMENTS AND DRUGS

Treatment for Vaginitis depends on the specific cause:

LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES

Good hygiene practices can help prevent Vaginitis recurrence:


QUESTIONS

  1. Can I prevent Vaginitis?

Good hygiene practices can help prevent some types of Vaginitis.

  1. What are the signs and symptoms to watch for in Vaginitis?

Changes in discharge color, odor, itching, pain during intercourse, painful urination, and spotting are common signs.

  1. Do I need medicine for treating Vaginitis?

Treatment depends on the type of Vaginitis; medication may be necessary for bacterial vaginosis or yeast infections.

  1. Are there over-the-counter products for treating Vaginitis?

Yes, some yeast infection treatments are available over-the-counter but may not be suitable for all types of Vaginitis.

  1. What should I do if my symptoms return after treatment?

If symptoms persist after treatment, consult your doctor for further evaluation and management.

  1. Does my partner need testing or treatment if I have Vaginitis?

In some cases like Trichomoniasis, both partners may need testing and treatment to prevent reinfection.

  1. How can good hygiene practices help with preventing Vaginal infections?

Avoiding scented products, proper wiping techniques, and not douching can help maintain vaginal health.

  1. What are the risks associated with untreated Bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy?

Symptomatic Bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy has been linked to premature deliveries and low birth weight babies.

  1. What lifestyle changes can help prevent recurring Yeast infections?

Wearing cotton underwear, avoiding irritants like scented tampons or pads can aid in preventing yeast infections recurrence.

  1. When should I see a doctor for unusual vaginal discomfort?

It is advisable to see a doctor if you experience unusual vaginal discomfort especially if it's different from previous experiences or persists despite home remedies.