Sexually transmitted diseases

Other names: STDs

DEFINITION

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are infections acquired through sexual contact. These infections can also be transmitted from mother to infant during pregnancy, childbirth, blood transfusions, or shared needles.

SYMPTOMS

CAUSES

RISK FACTORS

Complications: Untreated STIs can lead to various complications such as infertility, certain cancers, and pregnancy complications.

Prevention: Abstinence, monogamy with an uninfected partner, safe sex practices, vaccination, and regular screenings are key preventive measures.

Treatment: Antibiotics treat bacterial STIs while antiviral drugs manage viral infections. Partner notification and preventive treatment are crucial.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies: Avoiding excessive alcohol and drug use, using condoms consistently and correctly, and open communication with partners are essential for prevention.

COPING AND SUPPORT

Finding out about an STI can be traumatic. Seek support from healthcare providers and local health departments for confidential testing and treatment.

QUESTIONS

  1. What are some common symptoms of STIs?

Sores or bumps on the genitals, painful urination, unusual discharge

  1. How can STIs be transmitted from mother to infant?

During pregnancy, childbirth

  1. What are some risk factors for acquiring STIs?

Unprotected sex, multiple sexual partners, history of STIs

  1. How can bacterial STIs be treated?

With antibiotics

  1. What is the importance of partner notification in STI treatment?

It helps limit the spread of infections and reduces the risk of reinfection.

  1. What lifestyle changes can help prevent STIs?

Abstinence, monogamy with an uninfected partner, using condoms correctly

  1. Why is regular screening important for preventing complications of STIs?

Because many infections may be asymptomatic initially

  1. How can vaccines help prevent certain STIs?

By providing immunity against specific pathogens like HPV and Hepatitis B

  1. What should you do if you suspect you have been exposed to an STI?

See a doctor immediately for testing and appropriate treatment

  1. How can open communication with partners reduce the risk of STI transmission?

By establishing clear agreements on safer sex practices and mutual understanding