Fibroids, uterine

Other names: Fibromyomas, Leiomyomas, Myomas


Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that develop from the smooth muscular tissue of the uterus. They can vary in size and may not always cause symptoms. Fibroids are common in women during their childbearing years.



The exact cause of uterine fibroids is unknown, but factors such as genetic changes, hormones like estrogen and progesterone, and other growth factors may play a role in their development.



While uterine fibroids are usually not dangerous, they can lead to complications such as anemia from heavy blood loss. In pregnancy, they may cause infertility or pregnancy loss.


  1. What are uterine fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that develop during childbearing years.

  1. What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?

Symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, frequent urination, and backache.

  1. What causes uterine fibroids?

The exact cause is unknown, but genetic changes, hormones, and growth factors may contribute.

  1. Who is at risk for uterine fibroids?

Women of reproductive age, those with a family history of fibroids, and black women are at higher risk.

  1. Can uterine fibroids lead to complications?

They can cause anemia from heavy bleeding and may impact fertility or pregnancy outcomes.

  1. How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?

They are often found during a pelvic exam and confirmed through tests like ultrasound or MRI.

  1. What treatments are available for uterine fibroids?

Treatment options include watchful waiting, medications, noninvasive procedures like FUS, minimally invasive procedures, and traditional surgical options.

  1. Can lifestyle changes help with uterine fibroids?

While prevention may not be possible, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can be beneficial.

  1. Are there alternative medicine approaches for treating uterine fibroids?

Alternative treatments lack scientific evidence for effectiveness in managing uterine fibroids.

  1. When should I see a doctor regarding uterine fibroids?

It's important to seek medical attention if you experience severe symptoms like acute pelvic pain or heavy vaginal bleeding.