Cancer, endometrial

Other names: Cancer, uterine

Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that originates in the uterus, specifically in the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. It is also known as uterine cancer. Endometrial cancer is often detected early due to abnormal vaginal bleeding.

SYMPTOMS

When to see a doctor: If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to consult your healthcare provider.

CAUSES

The exact cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, but it is believed to involve genetic mutations in the cells of the endometrium, leading to uncontrolled growth and tumor formation.

RISK FACTORS

Factors that increase the risk of endometrial cancer include hormonal imbalances, obesity, diabetes, late menopause, never being pregnant, older age, hormone therapy for breast cancer, and certain genetic syndromes.

COMPLICATIONS

Endometrial cancer can spread to other parts of the body, with the lungs being a common site of metastasis.

DIAGNOSIS

Diagnosis involves pelvic examination, transvaginal ultrasound, hysteroscopy, endometrial biopsy, and sometimes dilation and curettage. Staging may require additional tests like CT scans and PET scans.

TREATMENT

Treatment options include surgery (hysterectomy), radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy depending on the stage and characteristics of the cancer.

LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES

Maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise, discussing hormone therapy risks with your doctor after menopause, and considering oral contraceptives may help reduce the risk of endometrial cancer.

COPING AND SUPPORT

Finding information about your condition, maintaining a support system, and staying engaged in activities you enjoy can help cope with an endometrial cancer diagnosis.

QUESTIONS

  1. What are some symptoms of endometrial cancer?

Vaginal bleeding after menopause

Bleeding between periods

Abnormal discharge from the vagina

  1. What factors can increase the risk of endometrial cancer?

Hormonal imbalances

Obesity

Never being pregnant

  1. How is endometrial cancer diagnosed?

Through pelvic examination

Transvaginal ultrasound

Hysteroscopy

  1. What are some treatment options for endometrial cancer?

Surgery (hysterectomy)

Radiation therapy

Hormone therapy

  1. How can lifestyle changes help reduce the risk of endometrial cancer?

Maintaining a healthy weight

Regular exercise

Discussing hormone therapy risks with your doctor

  1. What are some complications of endometrial cancer?

Spread to other parts of the body

Commonly to the lungs

  1. What should you do if you experience symptoms of endometrial cancer?

See a doctor for evaluation

  1. Why is early detection important in endometrial cancer?

It often leads to better treatment outcomes

  1. What are some risk factors for developing endometrial cancer?

Hormonal imbalances

Obesity

Older age

  1. How can coping mechanisms help in dealing with an endometrial cancer diagnosis?

Finding information about your condition

Maintaining a support system