Hair loss

Other names: Alopecia, Baldness

Hair loss can affect anyone and may be caused by various factors such as heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions, or medications. Baldness refers to excessive hair loss from the scalp and is commonly associated with aging. Understanding the symptoms, causes, risk factors, and treatment options for alopecia is essential for managing this condition effectively.



If you experience sudden or patchy hair loss, it is advisable to consult a doctor to determine the underlying cause and explore treatment options.


Hair loss can be attributed to factors such as family history, hormonal changes, medical conditions, medications, scalp infections, skin disorders, and certain hairstyles or treatments.


Risk factors for hair loss include family history, age, poor nutrition, certain medical conditions like diabetes and lupus, and stress.

Tests and Diagnosis

Diagnostic procedures for hair loss may include blood tests, pull tests, scalp biopsies, and light microscopy to identify potential underlying causes.

TREATMENTs and Drugs

Treatment options for hair loss encompass medications (e.g., minoxidil, finasteride), surgery (hair transplant), laser therapy, and wigs or hairpieces. The choice of treatment depends on the type and severity of the alopecia.


Adopting a balanced diet, avoiding tight hairstyles, treating your hair gently during washing and brushing, and refraining from harsh treatments can help prevent certain types of hair loss.

Alternative Medicine

While nutritional supplements have not shown significant benefits in preventing hair loss, some studies suggest that essential oils like lavender oil combined with thyme, rosemary, and cedar wood may aid in managing alopecia areata.


  1. What are the common symptoms of hair loss?

Gradual thinning on top of the head

Circular or patchy bald spots

Sudden loosening of hair

Full-body hair loss

Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp

  1. When should you consider seeing a doctor for hair loss?

If you experience sudden or patchy hair loss.

  1. What are some common causes of hair loss?

Family history (heredity)

Hormonal changes

Medical conditions


  1. What are some risk factors for developing hair loss?

Family history


Poor nutrition

Certain medical conditions like Diabetes and Lupus


  1. What diagnostic tests may be performed to determine the cause of hair loss?

Blood test

Pull test

Scalp biopsy

Light microscopy

  1. What are some treatment options for managing hair loss?

Medications (e.g., minoxidil, finasteride)

Surgery (hair transplant)

Laser therapy

Wigs or hairpieces

  1. How can lifestyle changes help in preventing certain types of hair loss?

By adopting a balanced diet.

Avoiding tight hairstyles.

Treating your hair gently during washing and brushing.

Refraining from harsh treatments.

  1. Are nutritional supplements effective in preventing hair loss?

No significant benefits have been shown in preventing hair loss.

  1. Which essential oils may potentially aid in managing alopecia areata according to some studies?

Lavender oil combined with thyme, rosemary, and cedar wood.

  1. What is one common medication used to treat pattern baldness in both men and women?

Minoxidil (Rogaine).